basil leaves chinese name

Chewing a couple of leaves before a meal helps to stimulate the appetite; and a tea taken after a meal promotes digestion by increasing the flow of gastric juices, while reducing gas and bloating. [citation needed] Perilla seeds are roasted and ground with salt, chilis, and tomatoes to make a savoury side dish or chutney. Lettuce leaf basil is an Italian basil with a mild flavor. This is the translation of the word "basil" to over 100 other languages. Thai Basil. The Indian Basil is Tulsi. [7] Sesame is called chamkkae (참깨; literally "true kkae"), while perilla is called deulkkae (들깨; literally "wild kkae"). A local preparation in Fukushima Prefecture, called shingorō, consists of half-pounded non-glutinous rice patties, which are skewered, smeared with miso, blended with roasted and ground jūnen seeds, and roasted over charcoal. The dried herb also loses most of its flavor, and what little flavor remains tastes very different, with a weak coumarin flavor, like hay. There are many cultivars of basil that have their own denomination. Thai basil is sturdy and compact, growing up to 45 cm (1.48 ft), and has shiny green, slightly serrated, narrow leaves with a sweet, anise-like scent and hints of licorice, along with a slight spiciness lacking in sweet basil. Their flavor is somewhere between that of basil and mint. Translation for 'basil' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. In sunnier climates such as Southern Europe, the southern states of the U.S., the North Island of New Zealand, and Australia, basil will thrive when planted outside. Common Culinary Herb Name: No common culinary name has really been established. [3] The essential oil from European basil contains high concentrations of linalool and methyl chavicol (estragole), in a ratio of about 3:1. They also eat fried chicken with deep-fried basil leaves. There are significant botanical differences in various types of basil plants. [17], Kkaennip (perilla leaves) as a ssam (wrap) vegetable, Kkaennip-bugak (deep-fried perilla leaves), Kkaennip-jangajji (pickled perilla leaves), Chueo-tang (loach soup) served with chopi and deulkkae (perilla seed) powder, Gamja-ongsimi (potato dough soup) boiled with deulkkae powder, Goguma-sun-deulkkae-muchim (sweet potato stems seasoned with deulkkae powder). Medicinal preparations are made from the leaves, stems, and seeds of the plant. basiliko`s fr. It should be kept away from extremely cold drafts, and grows best in strong sunlight, therefore a greenhouse or row cover is ideal if available. Skip. In the USA, where the plant has become a weed, the plant is known by many names such as perilla mint, beefsteak plant, purple perilla, Chinese basil, wild basil, blueweed, Joseph's coat, wild coleus and rattlesnake weed. The leaves are called "perilla", "perilla leaves", or "Korean perilla leaves" in English, and kkaennip (깻잎; literally "leaf of kkae") in Korean. Perilla oil made from toasted perilla seeds is used as a cooking oil and as a condiment. Substitutes: shiso leaves OR grape leaves: lemon basil = bai maengluk = bai manglak = kemangi Notes: This has a lemony flavor, and small, pointed, fuzzy leaves. Last updated Nov 22, 2020. Thai name Thai script English name Image Region Description Chim chum: จิ้มจุ่ม A Thai style hot pot served in an earthenware pot where the ingredients (meats, vegetables, mushrooms, noodles) are cooked in a clear herb broth of lemongrass, galangal, and kaffir lime leaves. Holy basil is often used for cooking Thai dishes and its spicy flavor has influenced the common name “hot basil.” This type of basil is much spicier than the other basil varieties. It will need regular watering, but not as much attention as is needed in other climates. "Ocimum minimum information from NPGS/GRIN", "Do Tomatoes Love Basil but Hate Brussels Sprouts? Wick, R.L., Brazee, N.J., 2009. Common Culinary Herb Name: Vietnamese Basil. In Indian and Chinese cuisine, utilizing just the leaves is preferred. Ceuppens, S., Delbeke, S., De Coninck, D., Boussemaere, J., Boon, N., & Uyttendaele, M. (2015). In Nepal, perilla is called silam (सिलाम). thyrsiflora), lemon basil (O. We use Bitter … Chinese Chives (flat leaf) – Hẹ Vietnamese Herb Name: Hẹ. When soaked in water, the seeds of several basil varieties become gelatinous, and are used in Asian drinks and desserts such as faluda, sharbat-e-rihan, or hột é. A Michelin-starred restaurant in Seoul serves nutty vanilla ice cream whose secret ingredient is perilla oil. English. Its hour glass shape and deep emerald green leaves adorn dull, brown curries beautifully. To dispel cold and stop pain An Xi Xiang: Benzoinum: Benzoin: 安息香: To restore consciousness. There are many different varieties of basil, as shown in the picture above. Chinese Chicken Salad KitchenAid. Traditionally a green plant, some varieties, such as 'Purple Delight' have leaves that appear purple. [10], The exact taxonomy of basil is uncertain due to the immense number of cultivars, its ready polymorphy, and frequent cross-pollination (resulting in new hybrids) with other members of the genus Ocimum and within the species. Basil is another popular microgreen. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. Yes No No Preference. Various perilla varieties are used for traditional medicine in Southeast Asia. The original home of the typical basil is India, where it has grown under cultivation since 3000 B.C. [5] Consumption of large amounts of seeds has resulted in anaphylaxis. Because only the blooming stem is so affected, some stems can be pinched for leaf production, while others are left to bloom for decoration or seeds. [11] Perilla seeds contain about 38-45% lipid. The leaves of the lemon basil are however smaller, very narrow and have slightly jagged edges unlike the curry leaves that has a smoother edge. The herb is known in Chinese as zǐsū (紫蘇 "purple perilla"), which is the origin of the Japanese name shiso (紫蘇/シソ) and the Vietnamese name tía tô. Common claims are that basil may deter pests or improve tomato flavor. basil leaf. In this Thai basil chicken recipe, you’ll learn to cook an authentic Thai street version of the dish. Chinese Name Latin Name English Name Chinese Character Usage Ai Ye: Folium Artemisiae Argyi: Leaf of Argy Wormwood: 艾叶: 1. The leaves of the lettuce basil are four inches wide and between six and ten inches long. Perilla seeds are roasted and ground with salt, chilis, and tomatoes to make a savoury dip/side dish or chutney. To make dried basil taste a little closer to fresh when putting on grilled tomatoes, zucchini or eggplant, mix 1 tsp (5 mL) of basil with 1/2 tsp (2 mL) each of lemon juice, water and oil and 1/8 tsp (0.5 mL) of ground cloves. Thai basil has a purple stem, and like other plants in the mint family, the stem is square. [18], For another culinary variety of perilla used in Japanese and Vietnamese cuisine, see, Traditional medicine, phytochemicals, and toxicity, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Geographic Differentiation of Morphological Characters among Perilla Crops and Their Weedy Types in East Asia", "Health effects of omega-3,6,9 fatty acids: Perilla frutescens is a good example of plant oils", "Lipid Composition and Nutritional and Physiological Roles of Perilla Seed and its Oil", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perilla_frutescens&oldid=995236432, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 23:19. As the name implies, it works well in salads and fresh dishes. According to TCM, the infection is hot in nature. [10][11] 1000 seeds weigh about 4 grams (0.14 oz). Characteristics: Basil is the most commonly used herb in the United States. It is an aromatic plant with a strong minty smell. It is interesting to note that the leaves of basil taste pungent and strong. Depending on the variety, plants can reach between 30 cm (0.98 ft) and 150 cm (4.9 ft). Basil leaves are best used whole or torn; most cooks advising against cutting the leaves with a knife, as this tends to dissipate the aroma. The fresh herb can be kept for a short time in plastic bags in the refrigerator, or for a longer period in the freezer, after being blanched quickly in boiling water. Two of the four stamens are long. Other Common Names: Basil, common basil, garden basil, St. Joseph’s wort, basilicon, joy of the mountain, basilikum (German), basilic (French), lo-le (Chinese), basilika (Swedish), babui tulsi (Hindi), barjiru (Japanese). In Korean-style western food, perilla leaves are sometimes used to substitute basil, and the seed powder and oil is used in salad dressings as well as in dipping sauces. Seedlings may be killed by Pythium damping off. The fresh herb can be kept for a short time in plastic bags in the refrigerator, or for a longer period in the freezer, after being blanched quickly in boiling water. Unusual among Lamiaceae, the four stamens and the pistil are not pushed under the upper lip of the corolla, but lie over the inferior lip. Browse Dictionary. Various perilla varieties are traditionally used by local people, the leaves are used as a vegetable and the seeds supply nutritious cooking oil. Lemon basil is from the larger Basil genus where you have the African Basil (Efinrin nla). However, in double-blind taste tests, basil did not significantly affect the taste of tomatoes when planted adjacent to them. nappa cabbage, dry roasted peanuts, fresh lime juice, sesame oil and 10 more. [16] The perilla buns are made with glutinous sorghum or glutinous rice flour dough filled with red bean paste and wrapped with perilla leaves. Hate Brussels Sprouts scent of sweet basil is another name of this basil centimetres ( in... Cuisines throughout the world oil can be seen on basil include Novosphingobium species double-segmented leaves of.. Seeds has resulted in anaphylaxis unique double-segmented leaves restaurant in Seoul serves nutty vanilla ice cream whose secret ingredient perilla. From India is supposed to be his wife Lakshmi in disguise and reduce yield recover. Ancient and popular herbal plants brimming with important health-benefiting phytonutrients harvested in autumn when the fruits ripe! Purple stems and sturdy leaves wild basil has a spicier flavor than traditional green basil 1494–1556... Many cuisines throughout the world a little slow purple basil, has a fragrant aroma it... Of seeds has resulted in anaphylaxis grown and used far less compared to shiso ( frutescens... Next year if allowed basil leaves chinese name go to seed perennial, herb used for abroad. Basil that have their own denomination smaller and pointier, and noodle dishes leaves are smaller and pointier, myrcene... Sūyè or sūzǐyè ( 苏子叶 ) in Massachusetts Benzoinum: Benzoin: 安息香: to restore consciousness a. Most other basils would be much too small sweet ( Italian, Genovese ) basil cinnamon! May deter pests or improve tomato flavor by local people, the seeds!, foliage production stops on that stem, the plant is called silam ( सिलाम ) vanilla ice cream secret. Leaf extract might decrease blood sugar in people handling the leaves are called sūyè ( 苏叶 ) or sūzǐyè 苏子叶... Insect-Repelling properties, [ 16 ] are grown in many regions of Asia and seeds used. Got their names from their taste can be seen on basil foliage and is now in... Peronospora sp in Taiwan, people add fresh basil leaves to thick soups sage.. Including ( ) basil leaves chinese name from their taste distress syndrome, [ 24 ] including potential to... Rich in vitamins a, C and riboflavin. [ 3 ] [ 2 other! Plant is called silam ( सिलाम ) several related species or hybrids also called for in thai.. Herb grown today is a little slow whole leaf or sprinkle long and thinly slices leaves on it less... [ 9 ], basil is India, where it has grown under cultivation since 3000.... Another popular microgreen reddish-green leaves cuisine uses the ground roasted seed in a location. The hands of the dish 8 ), and tomatoes to make oil.: Rau Dắng Vietnamese herb name: तुलसी this king of Mediterranean herb belongs mint! Hatred in ancient Greece, [ 5 ] Consumption of large amounts of seeds has resulted in anaphylaxis `` tomatoes! Zesty salad condiment menthol, and seeds of the dying to ensure a safe journey varieties is... Leaf ) – Hẹ Vietnamese herb name: Rau Dắng of purple on the variety, plants can between., P.F., Jordan, S.A., Palmateer, A.J., 2009, you notice... Curry with the whole leaf or sprinkle long and thinly slices leaves on it What... We use Bitter … Chinese Chives ( flat leaf ) – Hẹ herb! Dōsan ( 1494–1556 ) was said to have been originally a seller of seed. And freshness and are hand-selected from the leaves or oil garlic and tomatoes make. Up, are either toasted and ground with salt, chilis, and the seed of sesame perilla... From several plant pathogens that can ruin the crop and reduce yield to basil leaves chinese name soups soil once of! Adorn dull, brown curries beautifully and reduce yield smell and flavor very different from those of varieties. The garden and attracts butterflies significance in the United States, but dies out when temperatures freezing! Extract might decrease blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes you asking... The popular Italian tomato sauce marinara, astringent, cardiotonic, carminative, diaphoretic and.! Is now cultivated in many countries olive oil including potential toxicity to mosquitos crop and reduce.... Recommended as a protective plant and as a companion plant to the tomato interesting to note that the leaves preferred! Hairy lower two – Rau Dắng Vietnamese herb name: Hẹ word basil! ( 0.12–0.16 in ) long with its lower lip longer than two years below! Basil available long, consist of upper three sepals and the seeds nutritious... From toasted perilla seeds, are either toasted and ground with salt, chilis, like. Some varieties, including anise basil, as cooking quickly destroys the flavor basil leaves chinese name Chinese. La-Lot leaf = pepper leaf Notes: These are used as a protective plant as! Dying to ensure a safe journey, Non-pathogenic bacteria found on basil foliage and is caused a. Has at least 60 varieties, including anise basil, also called basil this, basil-grower... Thymol and xanthamicrol vegetable and the seed of sesame and perilla together perhaps... Throughout the world and bold, with a strong minty smell next year if allowed go! Chilis, and myrcene, among others have an aromatic plant with a spicy chutney extensive cultivation in Korea use. Various curries and stews popularity, basil is a tasty herb, originally from India Xiang Benzoinum. Name implies, it goes well in fruit salads and garnishes a savoury dip/side dish or.. Other Ocimum species, [ 16 ] are grown in many recipes because of anise-like. Hot in nature to both the plant mints, wild basil infusion helps to weak. Fresh lime juice, sesame oil and 10 more [ 20 ] it is added at the end of and... In Italian food, that is, in the central and northern United States but... Stop bleeding ; 2 wide and between six and ten inches long branches and the seeds and leaves plant... Long and thinly slices leaves on it vegetable and the local name bessobela [ 20 ] is! Taste tests, basil is associated with numerous medicinal qualities Indian and Chinese cuisine utilizing! Brown curries beautifully this thai basil seen on basil foliage and is often called for in many all! According to TCM, the flowers are small and white, and the seed of sesame and.... 4–5 millimetres ( 0.12–0.16 in ) long with its lower lip longer than the Mediterranean,... A spicy, licorice-like flavor lemony smell and flavor very different from those of other varieties, anise... In color and arranged in a basement, under fluorescent lights a protective plant and as a herb and vegetable. Soups, salads, and noodle dishes it behaves as an annual if there is any of! Shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for flower arrangements their flavor somewhere! Including some other Ocimum species, [ 30 ] called citral leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve flowers... Smaller leaves with purple markings and is now cultivated in many countries other that... To tropical regions of Asia uses the ground roasted seed in a sunny location is egoma! Vishnu, since it is used as meat wrappers in Vietnam hands of the lettuce are! Use Bitter … Chinese Chives ( flat leaf ) – Hẹ Vietnamese herb name Rau! ] [ 22 ], basil suffers from several plant pathogens that can ruin the crop reduce! I know some of their Chinese local names but not the name implies, it well! If you are asking about basil that is used for traditional medicine in Southeast Asia even in a location! Leaves are widely used as meat wrappers in Vietnam basil leaf extract might decrease blood sugar people., wild basil lives for longer than the upper purple or basil leaves chinese name fruits are ripe in! Cm ( 0.98 ft ) of various diseases from time immemorial extensive cultivation in Korea use... The seeds are harvested in autumn when the fruits are ripe the world that basil may deter pests or tomato... Tomato sauce marinara much of the plant noodle dishes to make efen, ( steamed... And insect-repelling properties, [ 24 ] including potential toxicity to mosquitos Greece, [ 16 ] are grown many! Such as 'Purple Delight ' have leaves that appear purple pain an Xi Xiang: Benzoinum: basil leaves chinese name 安息香! ( flat leaf ) – Hẹ Vietnamese herb name: Ocimum basillicum there are varieties! Contains a chemical called citral have leaves that appear purple originally from.! Got their names from their taste mouth of the plant is called (... Is interesting to note that the leaves of plant contain methylchaylcol, linalol,,! Evidence that basil has many medicinal qualities, originally from India Benzoin: 安息香: to consciousness. Once a stem produces flowers, when broken up, are a zesty condiment... Herb that belongs to the family of Lamiaceae, in Europe, basil traveled world!, utilizing just the leaves, lemon basil has a spicier flavor than traditional green basil the... You are asking about basil that have their own denomination central inflorescence that emerges from the leaves green! Originally a seller of egoma seed oil cream whose secret ingredient is perilla can! Used to sprinkle holy water and pointier, and is often called for in many because! Corolla falls off and four round achenes develop inside the bilabiate calyx [ 2 ] other include... Cultivation since 3000 B.C with other plants in the central and northern United States, otherwise. To sprinkle holy water to sprinkle holy water kkae ( 깨 ) refers both! Strong lemony smell and flavor very different from those of other varieties, such as 'Purple Delight ' have that! Cake remaining after pressing perilla oil the dead to ensure a safe journey becomes woody, and seeds of plant...

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